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How to package an LO

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Site: Tenegen
Course: TC05 - Sharing Open Learning Objects
Book: How to package an LO
Printed by: Guest user
Date: Monday, 4 March 2024, 11:08 PM

Introduction

PACKAGE

This LO will enable you to "package" a single SCO, or a content aggregation, in accordance with the SCORM model.

mattoni.gif

INTRODUCTION

The Theme This LO will enable you to "package" a single SCO or a content aggregation according to the SCORM model.
The objectives

At the end of this LO you will be able to:

  • use the RELOAD editor programme
  • "package" a single SCO
  • create and "package" a content aggregation
  • compile LO metadata
How organised

1. Introduction (2 web page)
2. How to "package" an SCO (1 web page)
3. What Reload is (3 web pages 4m 30s of video)
4. How to insert metadata (2 web page + 2 minutes of video)
5. Self-evaluation: to "package" a multipage SCO (exercise)
6. How to create and "package" a content aggregation (3 web page + 4m 30s of video)
7. To check a "package" (1 web page + 2m 11s of video)
8. Conclusion (1 web page)

Duration 3 hours

SCO packaging

HOW TO PACKAGE AN SCO

In order to be SCORM compliant, an LO needs to contain some code (always in Javascript) that allows it to communicate with the LMS according to the SCORM model.

The following step is to make our LO uploadable and usable on any LMS.

This is made possible through the procedure called "packaging" which produces a single zipped file containing both the files of the LO and other specific files among which is the Manifest. This is a file containing metadata and information on the organisation of the package that are useful to the LMS.

The SCORM model identifies three types of content: asset, SCO and content aggregation. What is packaged is generally content aggregation, that is, a set of SCOs and Assets.

But is also possible to create a package from a single SCO, as we are going to do in this element.

Self - evaluation

SELF-EVALUATION: TO PACKAGE A MULTIPAGE SCO

Packaging an LO made up of a multipage SCO does not differ much from that of packaging a single-page SCO.

A longer list of files will appear in the left-hand frame of the Reload Editor, but only the page entitled home.html is to be uploaded to Resources.

auto.gif

Once finished, we can check it by clicking on this button auto3.png
that provides the PREVIEW function

auto2.gif

Now let's try to navigate our SCO.

Reload

WHAT RELOAD IS

The Reload Editor is an Open-Source programme that facilitates packaging by generating the Manifest and the other support files in an automatic way.

RELOAD - Reusable eLearning Object Authoring & Delivery - is a project funded by the JISC Exchange for Learning programme in the United Kingdom.

This project has developed, among other things, the following free programmes that you can download from the site of the project: http://www.reload.ac.uk :

pack2.gif Metadata and Content Packaging Editor
It allows content packages that are IMS and SCORM 1.2 compliant to be created starting from materials already available, such as web pages, images, flash animations, Java applets, etc. It also allows metadata to be edited according to IEEE LOM standards or other specifications and controlled vocabularies. The packages developed in this way can be inserted in platforms supporting SCORM 1.2 or can be stored in repositories.
pack1.gif SCORM Player
It allows functioning of the package developed to be checked before inserting it in a LMS.

RELOAD

This is what the Reload Editor desktop looks like after a learning object has been uploaded.

reload.gif


Let's now discover how to package using the RELOAD Editor.

AND IF I NEED TO MAKE CHANGES?

Apart from the zipped file, the original folder: LO1 is still present on your computer and now it contains the Manifest and the other files generated by Reload Editor.

reload2.gif

If you need to make any changes to your web page or to an image, it is not necessary to repeat the whole procedure. After making the necessary changes, open the Manifest file again and only repeat the zipping procedure.

Insert metadata

HOW TO INSERT METADATA

LO metadata, that is data concerning data, is a sort of identity card for an LO. It provides information on the author, the content, the target, the copyright, etc. of a LO. The Reload Editor allows us to insert metadata. To do this let's open the Manifest file of our LO.


meta.gif

This element is finished!

If you have any doubts, you can revise the concepts presented or go on to the following element.

Content aggregation

HOW TO CREATE AND PACKAGE A CONTENT AGGREGATION

We often want to deliver an online lesson made up of several blocks of web pages (i.e. putting several SCOs together) which are tracked by the platform, and assets, which are not tracked by the platform.

The Reload Editor allows you to create a content aggregation and package it.

The procedure is similar to the packaging of a single SCO. The only difference is that, in this case, we have more than one resource. There will be one item to declare for each resource.

Let's see in the video how to deal with a content aggregation.

Checking

CHECKING A PACKAGE

Before uploading a SCORM package to an LMS, it is advisable to check that it works properly. You specifically need to check the dialogue with the platform.

To do this we can use the Reload Player.

Conclusion

CONCLUSIONS

The zipped file created using the Reload Editor contains our Learning Object and all the necessary files to allow tracking by the platform.

Here we have used the Reload Editor to package our LO, but it is not the only programme that allows the creation of a SCORM compliant package

Nevertheless, let's remember that all packages, however created, will later need to be imported into one of the many SCORM-compliant LMS such as :

OpenSource software Moodle, Docebo
Proprietary software Balckboard, WebCT

Biblio

BIBLIO / SITOGRAPHY


MOODLE http://moodle.org/
RELOAD http://www.reload.ac.uk/
ADL http://www.adlnet.org
wikipedia http://www.wikipedia.org/